Archive for the ‘science’ category

Made to order: “Kids these days”

February 21, 2007

I blamed Hollywood

The one resounding lesson I took away from my four high school years as a proud underachiever was this:

Hard work is for suckers.

While the “smart” kids were working hard, studying, and doing their homework, I was staying up all night playing computer games (on my Commodore 128, yes I am that old).  The homework that I did complete usually came into the world during a horribly long morning bus ride.  I graduated with a 3.0001 GPA by showing up and “winging it” on exams.  I stayed up until 2 or 3 or 4 in the morning, and slept in all but computer classes.  I thought I was better than everyone else.  What suckers they were, actually doing their homework.  Bah.

I’ve been paying for that mistake ever since.

In real life, the people who are diligent, conscientious and hard-working are the movers and shakers.  They are the people who get things done.  They are the ones who write a novel every year (I’ve written 0.34 novels in 33 years).  They are the ones who finish college in 4 years (I dropped out).  They stay in the Navy for 20 years and retire (early honorable discharge here).  They are the ones who set—and break—records.

I blamed Hollywood for my lack of follow-through.

It makes sense.  You never see the hero of a movie get to the climax and save the day at the last minute by doing six months of hard work.  He always saves the day at the last second by being clever: he had a gun taped on his back, or he used *69, or he tricked the bad guys with sleight-of-hand.  If there is ever–EVER–hard work, it gets covered up by an 80’s style montage.

So who are you blaming?

Who are you blaming when you complain about “kids these days”?  Kids these days don’t know about hard work.  They don’t want to learn.  They won’t make an effort.  They just don’t care.  If you haven’t heard or said something like this yourself, ask the nearest public school teacher.

Then along comes Po Bronson (author of “What Should I Do With My Life?”) with a phenomenal article in New York Magazine, “How Not to Talk to Your Kids:  The Inverse Power of Praise.”  You have to read this article.  Parents and teachers, this is an order!  The article is here: http://nymag.com/news/features/27840/

Read this article.  That’s an order!

The essence of the article is this: praising children for being smart, as opposed to working hard and being persistent, stunts their growth.  Praising children for making an effort, trying hard and not giving up can improve their performance in school and in life.  Children praised for hard work, work even harder.  Children praised for being intelligent avoid challenging tasks that might ruin their “smart” self-image.  Teaching high school students that intelligence is NOT innate, that the brain is like a muscle–the harder you work it the stronger it gets–raises math scores in underachieving minority students.

My wife is a biology teacher.  She doesn’t know it yet, but she will be teaching a segment on how the brain is like a muscle, soon.

Have you read the article yet?  What are you waiting for?  Go!

It is so easy as parents, teachers, mentors and friends to want to make kids feel good by heaping them with praise.  This is a mistake.

“I am smart, the kids’ reasoning goes; I don’t need to put out effort. Expending effort becomes stigmatized—it’s public proof that you can’t cut it on your natural gifts.”

“…for college students on the verge of failing in class, esteem-building praise causes their grades to sink further….”

Kids are wise to insincere flattery–that’ll only work until they’re about 7 years old.  Then they can tell when you are full of it.  In fact, sometimes kids think that criticism is the real compliment, since the teacher wouldn’t tell you you can do better if they didn’t think you could handle it.

A personal favorite of mine, Nathaniel Branded (of Ayn Rand fame), is mentioned as the father of the modern self-esteem movement.  If you’re going to blame anyone for “kids these days”, it might as well be him.  He started it, and we as a society ran with it.

There is solid science backing this up (see the article for all those details), and I am a HUGE fan of science.  However, the rest of this entry is conjecture.

I look around and hear complaints about “kids these days” and also about “The Greatest Generation.”  Could it be that the self-esteem movement was adopted by our social institutions, and propagated throughout the population, and as a consequence we have squelched the stick-to-it-iveness of Generations XYZ?

It makes me think about Everybody Loves Raymond (my brother is Robert to a T.  You know this because he will tell you I am Raymond to a T).  Frank, the Dad, is a hard-a**.  Ray and Robbie have a problem?  “Suck it up.  Stop crying like a girl.”  If ever anyone had no regard for their kids’ self-esteem, it is Frank.  I know it is fiction, but it sure seems like The Greatest Generation didn’t molly-coddle their kids, and their kids came out alright.  Did their kinder, gentler parenting–served up with dollops of unconditional love and positive messages–squelch the fierce, can-do spirit of their kids?

The (scientific) evidence says that it did.  And what worries me is that the positive self-esteem culture is running the show now, and producing kids who don’t care, won’t work hard and just plain old aren’t trying.  And I bet a whole heck of a lot of them are getting diagnosed as ADD and ADHD, and instead of getting the training that they need in life, they are getting pills.

On a positive note, this is easy to treat.  With just 50 minuts of training, Math scores for underachieving High School students increased in just one semester after a long trend of sliding.

Take up the torch in your home, school, neighborhood and family.  This is a vital skill that kids need, can be taught, and will pay off for the rest of their lives.

Good Luck!

Allen Dobkin

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Human Regeneration, real or hoax?

February 20, 2007

There is an exciting development in the world of medical science.  Using a special powder made from, of all things, pig bladder, patients seem to be able to REGROW SEVERED FINGERS!

That’s freakin’ amazing.  Full story here: http://www.livescience.com/humanbiology/070219_regrow_fingers.html

I love this story for several reasons.  First, it is exciting stuff, and TEACHERS can use this story to promote interest in science.  This is the kind of topic that children and adults find intuitively fascinating.  Interest in science is waning, in my opinion, and is causing all kinds of problems in our society.

The second reason is that this story can be used to teach CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS.  If you read the article (and you should) you will notice that even though it is strongly correlated, it is entirely possible that the pig-bladder treatment had no impact whatsoever on the regeneration.  The article specifically states that regrowth in adults is rare, but not impossible.  It could be that the treatment is worthless, but that the victim is one of the lucky few.  It also could be true that the treatment only works on certain people, and the victim is in that lucky category.

It could also be true that the whole thing is a misguided hoax.

Our students are even weaker in the realm of critical thinking, and this article can be used by teachers and parents to teach those skills.  The biggest question that jumps to my mind is that if this treatment really does work, then why haven’t the creators conducted independent studies on random samples of subjects.  The subjects don’t have to be human for the studies to be valuable.  If the claims are true, then the product is so valuable that the costs of research pale in comparison (in other words are not a valid excuse for not “proving” that it works).

Weak critical thinking skills have lead to the rise in Pseudoscience.

There are perfectly good reasons to believe in nonsense.  But most charlatans, including Reiki, Crystals, Homeopathy, Astrology and Reflexology are phoney-baloney that may be entertaining but drains people of their hard-earned cash in exchange for momentary delusion.  TEACHERS and PARENTS have an obligation to teach the critical thinking skills that protect us from quacks.

This article can help you get started.

Good Luck!

Allen Dobkin